Eia ergo advocata nostra

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Eia ergo advocata nostra

The inscription separating Heaven from Earth determines that this is the third cloth in the series. We can see the Virgin kneeling before the Trinity, as advocate and savior of men and women of all kind, who are represented with clothes of varying richness. The Brussels’ mark appears on the lower left selvage; the weaver’s is on the right one, partly covered by a clumsy restoration.

Mary kneeling

In contrast to the two previous tapestries, this one shows changes in the representation of Heaven. Mary doesappear, but not as the only or main figure, since she is kneeling in front of the Trinity. The angels flanking the group are repeated, though.

The inscription deployed at the feet of the group, repeats the third part of the Hail literally: “Eia ergo advocata nostra, illos tvos misericordes ocvlos ad nos converte” (Turn, then, most gracious advocate, your eyes of mercy toward us).

Looking up at Heaven

There are no changes in the lower part of the tapestry as compared to the former ones. Two groups of figures, women and men, placed on right and left, have phylacteries with texts from the Old Testament. For ease of reference, they include the book and chapter where they come from: EXO (Exodus), IRE (1 Kings)... In the center there are three successive planes with characters of varying statuses, as shown by the quality of their garments, all praying while looking up at Heaven.

A town asking for help

As in the other cloths in the series, the landscape adds its own meaning through nature and buildings. In the background we can see a town in fire, with many neighbors coming out to beg the Virgin for help, thus enhancing the savior-like nature of the Marian cycle of these four tapestries.

Tapestry 3rd cloth in the Hail series

Manufacture Brussels’ workshops, a possible manufacture by Marc Crétif, c. 1528

Size 412 x 656 cm

Fabric Silk and wool

Location Cathedral of Palencia

Origin A bequest of Bishop Fonseca in 1529

Exhibition North wing of the crossing in the cathedral of Palencia


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