Cathedral of Palencia
Palencia’s Cathedral of San Antolín, built between the 14th and 16th centuries, is a perfect example of the evolution of the Castilian Gothic architectural style; it is also noteworthy for the fact that some of the best architects and sculptors of the time worked on it.
Calle Mayor Antigua, 29
1 October to 30 June: Monday to Saturday 10:30 to 13:30 and 16:00 to 18:30. 1 July to 30 September: Monday to Friday 10:30 to 13:30 and 16:00 to 19:30, Saturday 10:00 to 14:00 and 16:00 to 17:30, Sundays and holidays 11:15 to 13:00.
Tickets Cathedral (€1). Cathedral and crypt (€2). Cathedral, crypt and Cathedral Museum (€3)
The Cathedral of San Antolín occupies the site of a former Visigothic basilica (672-680), of which only a small enclosed area with two horseshoe arches remains. This, together with an adjacent semi-circular apse with a barrel-vaulted nave and transverse ribs from a Romanesque church dating from the early 11th century, forms the crypt of San Antolín.
Construction in stages
In 1321, work began on the apse, five apsidal chapels, the ambulatory, the tabernacle chapel and the beginning of the naves. In the mid-15th century, Martin de Solórzano and Juan de Ruesga began work on a true transept adjacent to the original and also started building the main chapel and extending the three naves.
In the early 16th century, Juan Gil de Hontañón built the cloister and the chapter house (1516). Of its five doors, noteworthy are the Bishop’s Door (late 15th century) and the Bridal Door (early 16th century), separated by a square tower in three sections with a belfry (mid-15th century).
Inside the Cathedral
The altarpiece has retables by Juan de Flanders (c. 1512) and sculptures by Felipe de Bigarny (1505) and Juan de Valmaseda (1519). Notable are the Gothic choir stalls (15th century), the ironwork by Gaspar Rodríguez (1571), the retables by Diego de Siloé and Juan de Ruesga and the Flemish La Piedad triptych by Jan Joest of Haarlem (c. 1505). The Cathedral Museum holds a diverse collection of religious art, most notably paintings by El Greco, Mateo Cerezo and Juan de Villoldo, a diptych by Pedro Berruguete, a monstrance by Juan de Benavente (1586) and a collection of Flemish tapestries (15th-16th centuries).